Why the name Advaya?
This site is called Advaya. This is a Sanskrit term, which
means ‘non-duality’. This term has been used very often in
texts of both Mahayana Buddhism as well as Advaita Vedanta,
from the beginning of the Common Era. Because the
term advaya has been used by both of these non- dualistic
movements, it is highlighted on this site: as a fundamental
starting point for a possible insight in the underlying unity of
both approaches – and in fact the unity of all religious and
philosophical approaches, despite their different vocabulary.
As a term ‘advaya’ may serve as a designation of that which
is prior to any difference. Each religious interpretation, each
articulation of ‘the heart of the matter’, from whichever
source, is in fact based on a core that is without any
difference. The core or heart of the matter is universal,
and advaya is one of the best designations for universal and
non-differential. Because of its pointing to this universal
core, advaya could be considered as being ‘the greatest gift the
East has given to the world’.
Advaya or non-duality is the insight that reality is not
something ‘outside’ a human being, neither only ‘inside’, but
unseparated, ‘not two’. One’s true nature is not separate from
a higher Principle, whatever this may be called. Realisation of
this non-separateness as one’s own nature is what this is all
In spite of the fact that non-duality as a ‘view’ has been
developed in the East and reconfirmed and transmitted in an
age-long chain of teacher onto disciple (by the way also in the
West since some decades), the truth of it is of all places.
Hence it is not necessary to have the form in which
non-duality is transmitted be interlinked anymore with one of
the specific Eastern traditions.
Nowadays it makes utmost sense to recognize all the
various non-dualistic movements as forms of one and the
same Non-dualism, and to recognize this Non-dualism as
such (so disposed of the connection with whatever specific
movement or atmosphere) as the main source of information
about the way of liberation.