Knots and kinks in the way of knowing the Truth – lll


The Swami recommends a series of steps, as summarized in the Table – 1 below, to progressively peel away the various layers of latent tendencies which act as impediments in the attainment of an unbroken realization of brahman.

Table -1: Progressive Annihilation Of The Latent Tendencies Leading Finally to Liberation In This Life:

Latent Tendency — Characteristics of the tendency — Antidote

1. Clinging to scriptural texts — Inclination of the mind to always study Vedanta literature and to commit it to memory — By negation
2. Attachment to worldly status — To think this is my country this is my family pedigree and this is the tradition — By negation
3. Attachment to body-mind — To think oneself to be of such and such age; to desire the full span of life and health and good looks — By negation
4. Attachment to pleasure — To want all good and enjoyable things; avoidance of undesirable things; to desire wealth etc. — By dispassion and detachment.
5. Six detrimental emotions — Six passions: namely; lust; anger; greed; delusion; pride; and jealousy.— By developing friendship (maîtri) with the holy; compassion (karuNa) for the afflicted; rejoicing (mudita) in the joy of the virtuous; and being indifferent (upeksha) to the shortcomings of the sinful.
6. Attachment to worldly objects — Clinging to the objects of the senses. — By a practice of the six-fold discipline consisting of sama; dama; uparati; titIksha; samAdhAna and shraddha.
7. Mental Attachments — Constant brooding and emotional attachment. — By practising uparati (desisting from all thoughts on objects after proper reasoning).
8. Special attachment — Mistaken idea that `I am the body.’ — By constantly remembering that `I am Brahman.
9. Possessive feelings — The idea of `mine’ in relation to the body or name; form; profession; life. — By steadfast meditation on Reality.
10. Dualistic attitude — Ideas like: “I am the witness of this; there is the world; these are the individuals; this one is the disciple and the other is Isvara [God] and so on.” — By being free from thoughts of internal or external differentiation through nirvikalpa samAdhi.
11. Attachment to Non-duality — Clinging to and feeling pride in the knowledge of Non-duality. — By passing into untellable and unthinkable Reality — by being absolutely free from all modes of Non-dualistic concepts in thought and words.

(COMPLETED) Published by Ramesam in ‘Advaita Vision’

About amartingarcia

General surgeon (retired). Studied Western philosophy at U of Toronto. Afterwards interest turned to advaita vedanta and non-duality for past 20 yrs, plus a long interlude in Sufism coinciding with that period. Now contributing in ’Advaita Vision’ with regular posts and discussions.
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