Language (concepts) and reality


We saw from the previous extended quotation of Krishnaswamy that we tend to split reality in mental categories, in the form of polarities, such as the world (non-self) and Consciousness or the self.The same goes for subject-object, static-dynamic, changing and changeless. That author, however, gives its due to the role of concepts (dumb percepts cannot do without concepts which serve as the tongue of Reality). Concepts, thus, have their niche in reality, something apparently disallowed by many in the spiritual avant-garde of non-duality. After all concepts are language, and language is needed to express the experience, or experiences of reality.

Concerning these dicotomies, particularly change-changelessness, Krishnaswamy emphasises that relations have a significance only in a dual sphere, that of empirical “reality”, and that “Consciousness transcending the region of time altogether cannot be rightly described as changing or changless”. He then adds that Pure Consciousness appears as split up into subject and object, the ego and the non-ego, seen from the waking point of view, but that in fact it is an unlimited and illimitable ocean of Life in whose “surging waves of waking and dreaming in endless succesion the ego discovers itself mounted by an inscrutable power indulging in idealistic, realistic or sceptic speculations restricted by the special conditions, viz., space, time and causality… while the ocean itself, the eternal basis, knows of neither change nor motion, neither increase nor diminution”.

About amartingarcia

General surgeon (retired). Studied Western philosophy at U of Toronto. Afterwards interest turned to advaita vedanta and non-duality for past 20 yrs, plus a long interlude in Sufism coinciding with that period. Now contributing in ’Advaita Vision’ with regular posts and discussions.
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