Following from yesterday`s entry, one can say that analysis pertains to doctrine (doctrinal exposition), whereas synthesis pertains to the operative side of the former – it is realization of its truth. As with a discovery (Kekule’s ring or exagone), something clicks in the mind. To repeat, analysis separates and synthesis puts together, but it is important to underlie that the result or ‘sum’ of that ‘operation’ is more than all the parts one began with and then reassembled.
Taking apart the engine of a car and then putting all the parts together, is not an example of the above; one may have learnt something in so doing, but the result is not a new knowledge. The insight of Kekule, which was a synthesis of all the separate parts he already knew well, is something else: a fresh, new discovery: a puzzle was solved by simply reorganizing all the component and separate parts through a spark of intuition. They all fitted together as a unit as never before .